Tendinopathy is described as an overuse tendon pathology. The Achilles, rotator cuff, patella and elbow extensor tendons being the most commonly affected. Much research into how to best manage tendon pathology is currently evolving. This research is based on the continuum model presented by Cook and Purdam. This model describes 3 stages of tendon pathology (tendinopathy). Reactive, disrepair and degeneration stage. (Cook et al, 2008).

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is a condition that affects both active and non active populations. It is characterised by medial heel pain were the plantar fascia attaches to the calcaneus (heel). It is particularly painful with the first few steps in the morning and after long periods of inactivity, (Jariwala et al, 2011).

Barefoot Running

The publication of the popular book “Born to Run” by Christopher McDougall, has led to massive interest in and experimentation with barefoot running. Shoe manufacturing companies have taken advantage of this new phenomenon by developing minimalist shoes which gives the user a close to barefoot experience. The central theme driving the adoption from shod foot to barefoot is the hypothesis that it improves running economy thereby saving energy and injury risk reduction. However there is little high quality evidence to support this hypothesis.