Femoral Acetabular Impingement

Femoral acetabular impingement (FAI) is described as impingment of the femoral head on the labrum of the acetabulum, resulting in destruction of the labrum and symptoms of groin pain and reduced hip range of movement. FAI can present as a pincer or cam lesion but more commonly both. It is closely associated with sports such as GAA, soccer, and AFL. Femoral acetabular impingement can be quite limiting, preventing the athlete from competing at the levels they desire to. Risk factors for femoral acetabular impingement include trauma and genetics. Its more commonly seen in young men but does affect women also.