Introduction & Anatomy
A calf tear is a common injury among the sporting population. The calf muscle that comes to mind at its mention, is the Gastrocnemius muscle. Gastrocnemius is the prime plantar flexor (standing on your tippy toes) of the foot. However it isn’t the only muscle that’s makes up the calf. The Sloeus, Plantaris and Tibialis Posterior muscles underlies it and all have a role in plantar flexion of the foot. Calf tears predominantly occur through ballistic activities such as sprinting and jumping. The musculotendinous junction is a prime place for tears to occur, however not the only one.