Ankle sprains are common place in both a sporting environment and during everyday life. The most common types of ankle sprains are an inversion ankle sprain and an eversion ankle sprain. With an inversion ankle sprain, the anterior talofibular ligament is disrupted and possibly the calcaenofibular ligament on the outside of the ankle. With an eversion ankle sprain the medial ligaments are damaged.
Much like low back pain, neck pain is a major cause of impairment, with 70% of people suffering from neck pain through their lives. It is second only to low back pain as the most frequent cause of long term absenteeism. Akin to low back pain, imaging (MRI) and pain are not predictive factors of dysfunction. From this we can ascertain that there is something else driving the pain.
I was sitting at the kitchen table with a few friends the other day, chatting over a cup of tea. One of the lads was telling us about the goings on at his rugby club, when the topic led to injuries. He began to tell us that he helps out when the lads get knocks, giving massages and perscribing stretches. Now this guy works in an office with no experience in musculoskeletal injuries, so in a nice way we put that to him. His response sums up his knowledge and probably paints a picture of what many people out there may believe. Quote, “Sure I have a few slipped discs in my back which give me trouble now and then, but I can sort it by just popping them back in”.
Introduction & Anatomy
A calf tear is a common injury among the sporting population. The calf muscle that comes to mind at its mention, is the Gastrocnemius muscle. Gastrocnemius is the prime plantar flexor (standing on your tippy toes) of the foot. However it isn’t the only muscle that’s makes up the calf. The Sloeus, Plantaris and Tibialis Posterior muscles underlies it and all have a role in plantar flexion of the foot. Calf tears predominantly occur through ballistic activities such as sprinting and jumping. The musculotendinous junction is a prime place for tears to occur, however not the only one.