Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS)


Iliotibial band syndrome is a common overuse injury which causes lateral knee pain among runners, cyclists and endurance athletes.

The ITB is a taut band of connective tissue which attaches superiorly into the fascia of the TFL and Gluteus maximus muscle. It travels down the lateral leg attaching into the linea aspera of the femur. At the knee it attaches to the lateral femoral condyle (LFC), Lateral femoral epicondyle, Gerdy’s tubercle of the tibia and the head of the fibula. Continue reading “Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS)”



is described as an overuse tendon pathology. The Achilles, rotator cuff, patella and elbow extensor tendons being the most commonly affected. Much research into how to best manage tendon pathology is currently evolving. This research is based on the continuum model presented by Cook and Purdam. This model describes 3 stages of tendon pathology (tendinopathy). Reactive, disrepair and degeneration stage. (Cook et al, 2008). Continue reading “Tendinopathy”